Arthritis simply means inflammation of the joint. This initially causes pain, swelling and stiffness that gradually deteriorates with time. At a later stage it leads to deformity and destruction of the joint.
There are various types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the commonest form and is caused by gradual wear and tear of the joint. Diseases like Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis damages the smooth articular cartilage covering the ends of bone. As the cartilage starts to wear away, the bone ends are exposed and then rub against each other and in severe cases themselves become worn. This causes the knee to become painful, stiff, and deformed and affects all aspects of life including sleep. Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) commonly affects middle to late age patients. However it can also affect younger patients if they’ve had a previous injury or knee-joint surgery.
Different modes of treatment are available which can improve and control early symptoms of osteoarthritis.
- painkillers, anti-inflammatory tablets and local cream improve pain and swelling. Local injections provide temporary pain relief.
- arthroscopic surgery usually improves mechanical symptoms of osteoarthritis often caused by meniscal tear and loose pieces of bone.
- minor adjustments in lifestyle and sports activity.
- regular exercise to improve muscle strength and movement of the knee joint